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Woodcarving Glossary – Part 3


Monday 9 July 2018

1. Spade – these chisels are similar to 'fishtail' chisels but have a longer elongated taper along their shank, so have the characteristics of a standard gouge with some of the advantages of a 'fishtail', 'long pod' and 'allongee'

2. Spoon gouge tool – traditionally known as a 'tracery' tool that is used to carve 'tracery'. They have part of a ball shaped bottom at the end of the shaft that usually includes a uniform radius to the cutting edge. When viewed from the side, they have a tight hook shape

3. Strop – leather dressed with fine abrasive for honing tools to remove the burr from the cutting edge of a chisel

4. Sweep – the curve section of a 'gouge'

T:

1. Tooled finish – a traditional technique that introduces facets on the surface of a carving, eliminating the use of abrasive materials, giving life to the work

2. Tracery – precise open work decoration including 'trefoils' and 'quatrefoils' incorporated in the style of architecture known as Gothic

U:

1. Undercut – to cut behind the edge of a design at an angle

V:

1. V-tool – traditionally known as a 'parting tool' as one of its functions was to separate or part the wood

2. Veiners – when 'fluters' become small they are traditionally known as 'veiners' and have the same characteristics of 'fluters' The name derives from cutting the veins on leaves in foliage carving

W:

1. Washita – a type of natural oil sharpening stone

2. Water stone – similar to oil stones but water is used to lubricate the stone. They tend to wear quicker than oil, ceramic stones or diamond pads

3. Whittling – the earliest and simplest form of carving by only using a knife